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Route "At the confluence of two rivers: Neman and Shchara"


Route "At the confluence of two rivers: Neman and Shchara"
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Mostу, village of Goluby, st. School, 1 a

The Holy Trinity Shcharsky spring is named after the Temple, which was located nearby and burned down during the Second World War. Judging by the maps of the early 20th century. there was also a large Orthodox cemetery. The spring is located on the left bank of the Shchara River, to the west of the bridge over the river near the village of Shchara and the village of Shimki. A gazebo was built over the spring, in which a cross was installed. There are stone steps leading to the gazebo. There is a font nearby.

The old tar, which worked after the war, was preserved not far from the Holy Trinity Shcharskaya krynitsa. The tar was built in compliance with the traditional principles of forcing the tar, which have developed in the field for centuries. Oak barrels, dug into the ground, are connected by underground passages with containers in which, from the rhizomes, make up a page about krynitsa, tar, museum, old oaks. Photo taken either from a document or from a folder on the server was expelled resin. Through underground passages without oxygen, it flowed into barrels, becoming tar.

Museum dugout in Shimki village. During the Great Patriotic War, partisan detachments found shelter in Lipichanskaya Pushcha. The partisan hospital was located here. One of the dugouts has survived to this day near the village of Shimki. Local partisans derailed 267 enemy echelons, blew up 50 bridges, and crushed more than 60 enemy garrisons. The Germans made a lot of effort to knock the partisans out of the Pushcha and seize it, but they failed. During one of the punitive operations, the village of Shimki was burned to the ground. Near it there is a memorial complex in memory of the inhabitants of Mostovshchina who died in the war.

The Shestyly site has its own attraction in that there are 350-year-old oak trees at this site, up to 460 cm in volume. Among the conifers, there are separate stands with 130 years of age, common hornbeam, common wolf bast, and there are also fragments of trenches from the First World War.

Parking "Zhamoyda" (perekop) the lake has a horseshoe shape. On the opposite side there is an oak grove 200 years old. Along the route to the camp, there are pine trees that have reached this age of 120-130 years. The lake is connected to the Neman by a pipe. This element has been used to run livestock grazing. Here you can watch pairs of swans, catch pike, bream, tench, carp in the lake.

"Lysaya Gora" It is considered the highest place within the reserve. In fact, this is not a mountain, but a high steep bank of the river. Neman. It is called bald because it is constantly washed away by the Neman and the age-old pines growing on its edge slide into the river, leaving the bank without trees or simply bald. Today it is one of the most beautiful places on the Neman River. Here live egret, gogol, merganser, gray gull, etc.

Dubrava of the Obsokh tract is located in the interfluve of two rivers Shchara and Neman. Dominant in this oak forest is the pedunculate oak, which reaches 200 years of age and at the same time has a thickness of 2 - 3 meters. The age of the oldest oak trees on the territory of the tract is about 300 years old and their area is 34 hectares. In total, about 20 species of tree species and over 300 species of grasses grow in the oak forest. Rare and endangered plant species listed in the Red Book of the Republic of Belarus grow in the oak forest.

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11.05.2021
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